The majority of people aren’t aware of the idea of artificial intelligence (AI). For instance, when 1,500 top business leaders from the United States in 2017 were asked about AI, just 17 percent of them said they were knowledgeable about AI.  Many of them weren’t certain about what AI was or how it could affect their own businesses. They were aware of the huge possibility of transforming the way businesses operate, but they did not know what AI could do within their organizations.
Despite its general inadequacy, AI is a technology that is changing every aspect of our lives. It’s an instrument that allows people to think differently about how to integrate information, analyze data, and apply the results to improve the quality of our decisions. The goal of this comprehensive overview is to introduce AI to an audience that includes decision-makers, opinion-makers, and other interested people, and show how AI is already changing the world, while also raising crucial issues for society, the economy, and governance.
In this article, we examine innovative applications in national security, finance, health care and transportation, criminal justice, and smart cities. We also tackle issues such as issues with access to data and bias in algorithms, AI ethics and transparency, and the legal consequences of AI decisions. We compare the regulatory frameworks that are used in both the U.S. and European Union and conclude with some suggestions to maximize the benefits of AI and preserve fundamental human rights. 
To increase AI advantages, we suggest nine steps for moving forward:
- Facilitate greater access to data to researchers, but without compromising the privacy of users,
- Make more investments in government-funded classified AI research.
- Promote innovative models of digital education in addition to AI workforce development to ensure that employees are equipped with the necessary skills to succeed in the 21-century economy.-century economy.
- Establish a national AI advisory committee to formulate policy recommendations.
- Communicate with local and state officials to help them implement efficient policies,
- The rules govern general AI principles and not specifically formulated algorithms.
- Be sure to take complaints about bias seriously so that AI doesn’t replicate historical unfairness, injustice, or discrimination through the algorithms or data,
- Maintain mechanisms for human oversight and control,
- Restrict the criminality of AI actions and promote cybersecurity.
Qualities of ARTIFICIAL IntelligenceAlthough there isn’t an accepted concept, AI generally is thought to mean “machines which respond to stimuli as if they are responding to humans, given our capacity to contemplate, make judgments and intent.” [33. Based on the researchers Shubhendu and Vijay, These software systems “make decisions that normally require a human level of understanding” and assist people in anticipating problems or addressing issues that arise.  Therefore, they function in a planned, smart, flexible, and intelligent way.
AI algorithms have been created to make choices, typically by using real-time data. They differ from static machines, which can make only predetermined or mechanical responses. By using sensors, digital data, or remote inputs, they integrate data from various sources, analyze the information immediately, and then act upon the conclusions derived from this information. With huge improvements in processing speeds, storage systems, and analytical techniques, They are able to achieve immense sophisticated analysis and decision-making.
Artificial intelligence is already changing the world and is raising crucial issues for society, the economy, and governance.
AI generally occurs as a part of machine learning or data analysis.  Machine learning analyzes data and tries to identify underlying patterns. If it finds something that could be relevant to an actual problem, software developers can then take this knowledge and use it to analyze specific problems. All that is needed are information that is sufficiently solid to allow algorithms to discern relevant patterns. Data may be digital data or satellite imagery, as well as text, visual information, or even unstructured data.
AI systems are able to adapt and learn as they make their decisions. In the field of transportation, for instance, semi-autonomous vehicles are equipped with tools to inform drivers and other vehicles about potholes, congestive road construction, and other road obstructions that might be in the way. Autonomous vehicles can benefit from the experiences of other vehicles with no human intervention, and the whole of their “experience” can be immediately and easily transferable to other vehicles. The sophisticated algorithms cameras, sensors, and sensors integrate experience from current operations using dashboards and displays that display information in real-time, which allows human drivers to comprehend the current traffic and road conditions. When it comes to fully autonomous vehicles, systems can fully manage the vehicle or truck and make all necessary decisions about navigation.
AI isn’t an esoteric concept. However, it’s something that is already in use and is being integrated and incorporated into a range of industries. This includes areas like security, finance as well as healthcare, criminal justice transportation, and smart cities. There are numerous instances of how AI is already making an impact in the world and enhancing human capabilities in important manners.